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WELCOME to the UN Youth Flash, a service of the United Nations Programme on Youth to keep you informed about the work of the UN on youth issues. UN Youth Flash can be read on-line at: http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/unyin/flash.htm.

In this issue:

Feature: Intergenerational solidarity under pressure in a globalizing world
Highlights from UN Headquarters
Highlights from UN agencies around the world
Calendar of Youth Events
On the Internet

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FEATURE: Intergenerational solidarity under pressure in a globalizing world

Intergenerational solidarity can be understood as a social contract based
on reciprocity across generations. This exchange is valuable to all age
groups at both the family and community level and helps to pass on the
uniqueness of culture and invaluable knowledge, while contributing to
social progress. The majority of people in all cultures maintain close
intergenerational relations throughout their lives and the benefits of
these relationships flow in both directions. Younger persons benefit from
the financial support and the knowledge and guidance provided by older
members, and younger adults likewise contribute greatly to the care and
well-being of older generations.

To explore and address increasing intergenerational challenges, an expert
group meeting, entitled „Intergenerational Solidarity: Strengthening
Economic and Social Ties“, was recently convened at United Nations
Headquarters. During the meeting the experts agreed that an
intergenerational approach to social development is necessary to promote
stable, just, and harmonious societies.

Relationships between generations are dynamic and ever changing, and the
evolving social realities resulting from present demographic shifts and
changing family structures affect people of all ages. The increase in
lifespan occurring in a great number of countries means that many adults
are living longer lives. However, trends in globalization and development,
particularly those related to employment and migration, threaten the
maintenance of intergenerational ties. Older and younger people are
increasingly living apart from one another and in many developing
countries and countries with economies in transition, much of the ageing
population is found in rural areas where social supports are often weaker,
owing to the exodus of young adults in search of educational and economic
opportunities. Older persons may be left behind without the traditional
support of families and even without adequate financial resources.

While older persons lose opportunities to receive support from younger
members of families, younger persons also lose opportunities to benefit
from the knowledge and guidance of older members of their families. At the
meeting, experts acknowledged that in numerous ways the well-being of one
age group of the population is tied to the wellbeing of the others, just
as the problems affecting one generation are often transmitted to future
generations. The support that each generation provides for the others is
critical for the development of society as a whole. Policies need not
reward one generation at the expense of another as the older and younger
generations share many of the same concerns, such as, quality healthcare
and greater access to education and decent employment.

The experts agreed that an on-going public discourse on the reciprocity
between generations should be advanced. To facilitate the transmission of
knowledge and understanding, generations needed greater opportunities to
interact. Initiatives such as mentoring programmes of youth by adults and
adults by youth should be promoted. Education curricula must also include
learning about life-course issues. Programmes and policies that support
intergenerational transmission of culture and values are also needed. The
experts noted that, because culture and tradition are passed on from
generation to generation, attention must be paid to adapting them to a
modern world and to each particular cultural setting.

Annexed to the recently formulated General Assembly resolution on youth is
the supplement to the World Programme of Action for Youth, which presents
„Intergenerational Issues“ as an additional priority area needing urgent
attention by Governments. The Supplement states that it is incumbent upon
Governments to renew or restore intergenerational solidarity by fostering
partnerships that promote beneficial intergenerational relationships.

The outcome and recommendations of the meeting will be published in a
forthcoming publication of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs.
For more information on the expert group meeting please see
http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/unyin/egm_unhq_oct07.htm
.

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HIGHLIGHTS FROM UN HEADQUARTERS

>> New 2007 Report on the World Social Situation launched
The „Report on the World Social Situation 2007: The Employment Imperative“
focuses on the key role of productive employment and decent work in
reducing poverty and promoting social development. The report states that
in countries that have profited from globalization, adaptable and mobile
young people have benefited. However, for countless others in Africa,
South Asia and Latin America, globalization has not created many real
opportunities. The report urges governments to place productive employment
for all, rather than economic growth, or even simply creating jobs, at the
centre of economic and social policy making. For more information, please
see http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/social/rwss/index.html#2007.

>> Human Development Report 2007/2008 just released
The new Human Development Report (HDR), entitled „Fighting climate change:
Human Solidarity in a Divided World“, says that climate change is the
greatest challenge facing humanity at the start of the 21st century.
Failure to meet that challenge raises the spectre of unprecedented
reversals in human development. The world’s poorest countries and its
poorest people will bear the brunt. The 2007/2008 on-line global Report
will feature interactive tools with which to calculate your carbon
footprint, as well as that of regions and countries all around the world
using data contained in the latest Report. For more information, please
see http://hdr.undp.org/en/reports/global/hdr2007-2008.

>> UN Student Conference to recognize the rights of indigenous peoples
10th Annual United Nations Student Conference on Human Rights (UNSCHR)
will take place from 5-7 December 2007 at United Nations Headquarters.
The theme of this year’s Conference, „Recognising the Rights of Indigenous
Peoples“, will support the goals of the Second International Decade of the
World’s Indigenous People, which aims to strengthen cooperation for
finding solutions to problems faced by indigenous peoples. The
participants of the Conference will work to raise awareness about
indigenous people and their contributions to society globally,
highlighting the significance of this action towards achieving a just and
non-discriminatory international human rights policy. They will work to
encourage Member States to implement the recently adopted Declaration on
the Rights of Indigenous Peoples at the national level. For more
information on the Conference please see
http://www.cyberschoolbus.un.org/student/2007/about.asp.

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HIGHLIGHTS FROM UN AGENCIES AROUND THE WORLD

>> UNESCO Resources on School Science and Technology education on CD-ROM
UNESCO has released a new CD-ROM featuring a collection of its documents
on several aspects of science and technology education at the secondary
school level, such as gender equity, policy planning and partnerships.
Documents on the CD-ROM include „Guidelines for Policy-making in Secondary
School Science and Technology Education“, „Girls and Science : A training
module on motivating girls to embark on science and technology careers“,
„Technology-based training of marginalized girls“, „Partnerships for
relevant science and technology education“ and „Technology Education
Guide“. For more information, please contact j.heiss@unesco.org

>> UNESCO Education for All: Global Monitoring Report 2008 just released

The number of children starting primary school has increased sharply since
2000, there are more girls in school than ever before and spending on
education and aid has risen. That’s the good news, but on the down side,
poor quality education, the high cost of schooling and persisting high
levels of adult illiteracy are undermining the chances of achieving
education for all by 2015. The report shows that primary school enrolment
increased by 36% in sub-Saharan Africa and 22% in South and West Asia
between 1999 and 2005. Governments in 14 countries abolished primary
school tuition fees, a measure that has increased access for the most
disadvantaged. Worldwide, the number of out-of-school children dropped
sharply from 96 million in 1999 to 72 million in 2005. For more
information and to download a copy of the report, please visit
http://www.efareport.unesco.org.

>> UNESCO Policy Paper on Peer-Group Monitoring and Evaluation

Providing adolescent girls with the learning opportunities they need to
develop their full potential was the fundamental motivation for the launch
of the 2002 UNESCO pilot project „Breaking the Poverty Cycle of Women“.
From its early stages, the project addressed the multidimensional nature
of poverty through its broad-based capacity-building programme and work
with young people as peer monitors and evaluators. Based on the experience
of the peer-group monitoring and evaluation component of the project, the
UNESCO Section for Youth, Sport and Physical Education has just published
a policy paper on Peer Group Monitoring and Evaluation entitled
„Assessing Youth Empowerment through Peer-Group Monitoring and Evaluation:
lessons learned and Perspectives for Replication“. For more information,
please contact: ucj@unesco.org

>> UNFPA 16 Days of Activism against Gender-based Violence
The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) launched its second annual „16
Days of Activism against Gender-based Violence“ campaign by spotlighting
five stories – involving domestic violence, sex slavery, self-immolation,
gender-based violence and HIV and „compensation“ marriages. UNFPA notes
that these topics that are often neglected deserve more global media
attention. The 16 days run from 25 November, the International Day for the
Elimination of Violence against Women, until 10 December, International
Human Rights Day. For more information, please see
http://www.unfpa.org/16days.

>> UNFPA-UNAIDS Encouraging youth to join the global action against
HIV/AIDS

The Global Youth Coalition on HIV/AIDS (GYCA), a UNFPA and UNAIDS
supported international network of 3,500 young leaders fighting the spread
of HIV/AIDS in 150 Countries Worldwide. GYCA is currently recruiting
twelve Regional Focal Points (RFPs) for 2008. This is a call for all young
people interested in taking a fundamental role in GYCA’s development and
in the fight against HIV/AIDS. The principle function of the RFPs is to be
pro-active in implementing GYCA projects and effectively engaging GYCA
members in their region. The deadline for applications is 3 December 2007.
For more information, please email info@youthaidscoalition.org or visit
http://www.youthaidscoalition.org/.

>> UNFPA’s „Chasing the Dream“ photo exhibition in Germany

The German version of UNFPA exhibition „Chasing the Dream-Youth Faces of
the MDGs“ was held at the IFA, Berlin, one of the largest electronics
trade shows worldwide. 13 young students from all over Germany joined the
opening ceremony and promoted the „Stand up“ event of the UN Millennium
Campaign, which took place on 17 October 2007. The exhibition was also
launched in Bonn, Germany at the Music Fair „Popkomm“, the international
business platform for the music and entertainment industry. At the
opening, an MTV presenter introduced the German hip-hop band „Culcha
Candela“ which was followed by an opening speech by Karen Heisecke,
Programme coordination and Liaison Specialist at UNFPA’s Brussels Office
who spoke on behalf of UNFPA. Both Events in Berlin and Bonn were
supported by Lifestylebrand Esprit, Germany. For more information, please
contact Ziad Mikati at mikati@unfpa.org.

>> UNFPA UN Interagency Task Force on Adolescent Girls

From 28-29 November, the UN Interagency Task Force on Adolescent Girls
convened a meeting at UNFPA to discuss three main objectives: (1)
formalizing the task force and reaching agreement on its purpose and
modalities for working together; (2) developing a joint programming
framework for reaching marginalized adolescent girls; and (3) planning for
joint programming through fundraising and partnership opportunities.
During the meeting, the Task Force defined the essential elements for the
joint programming framework and brainstormed on the potential for
leveraging and driving resources for more targeted, strategic efforts
aimed at marginalized girls as part of national development plans.
Additionally, the Coalition for Adolescent Girls, a public-private
initiative spearheaded by the UN Foundation and Nike Foundation to create
lasting change in the developing world by driving investments to
adolescent girls, launched a draft version of its Impact Girls Report.
This seminal report, is the first of its kind that brings together the
evidence base from the economics and social sciences perspectives and
makes the case for the key role adolescent girls play in development. For
more information, please contact wong@unfpa.org.

>> UNICEF-VOY Radio Drama Competition

The Unite for Child Survival Radio Drama Competition is an opportunity to
help people pay attention, get involved, take creative action and unite to
help children in their communities survive and thrive. Young people are
invited to send in a written script for a radio drama. Radio scripts will
be reviewed by an international panel who will select eight finalists, one
from each region, and one winner, who will be featured on the UNICEF
website. The winning script will be produced and broadcast on UNICEF
radio. Please send your radio script, personal information and plot
summary before 15 December 2007 to the Voices of Youth Mailbox:
voy@unicef.org or for more information, please see
http://www.unicef.org/voy/takeaction/takeaction_4002.html.

>> UNODC Family skills training to prevent substance abuse
This October, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) invited
researchers, practitioners and programme managers from 12 countries to a
Technical Consultation Meeting to identify guidelines and principles of
effective implementation of family skills training programmes to prevent
substance abuse and promote health among youth. These guidelines will be
published early 2008 to assist policy makers and programme managers to
implement evidence-based programmes. UNODC is currently looking for
information on family skills training programmes around the world to
identify as many examples as possible of evidence-based programmes. Please
visit the UNODC website for more information including updates on
activities related to family skills training:
http://www.unodc.org/youthnet/youthnet_action.html

>> WFP Hunger Bytes!
The World Food Programme (WFP) calls on students and others to use their
creativity towards raising awareness about hunger through a unique,
international competition called „Hunger Bytes“ by making a short video
about „byting“ global hunger. For more information, please see
http://www.wfp.org/english/?ModuleID=137&Key=2698.

>> WHO FBOs discuss male circumcision for young people
In response to the growing involvement of Faith-Based Organizations (FBOs)
in male circumcision programmes, the Catholic Medical Mission Board
organized a consultative meeting on Adolescent Male Circumcision for HIV
Prevention and as an Entry Point for Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive
Health in Limuru, Kenya. The meeting was supported with funding and
technical assistance from WHO’s Department of Child and Adolescent Health
and Development (CAH) and in collaboration with UNFPA and UNICEF.
Participants included representatives of FBOs from Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi,
South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe. It also
provided an opportunity to share experiences of efforts by FBOs and to
strengthen their effectiveness in the region. The consultation in Kenya
was a follow-up to an informal brainstorming meeting organized by WHO’s
CAH and HIV Departments held earlier this year. In addition to clarifying
priority follow-up activities, a statement was prepared to mobilize and
engage FBOs in the region.

>> WHO-CAH Preventing HIV and improving adolescent SRH in Ghana

The Ghana Health Service (GHS) organized a workshop in Accra to orient
regional programme managers working on reducing HIV transmission and
improving adolescent sexual and reproductive health (SRH). The workshop
was timed with the release of new surveillance data indicating an increase
in the incidence of new HIV infections among the 15-19 and 20-24 year age
group in Ghana. The focus of the workshop was on improving programme
design and monitoring, using approaches developed by WHO’s Department of
Child and Adolescent Health and Development (CAH). These are the „Mapping
Adolescent Programming and Measurement“ framework and the „4-S“ strategic
approach to strengthening the health sector’s response to adolescent
health: gathering and using Strategic information, developing Supportive
evidence-based policies, scaling up health Service provision and
utilization, and strengthening action in other Sectors (such as education
and the media). The workshop’s recommendations include delivering both
adolescent sexual and reproductive health and HIV testing and counselling
in facilities that provide Youth Friendly Health Services (YFHS). They
also call for the finalization of GHS’s Strategic Plan for Adolescent
Health and Development and the development of National Standards for YFHS
by the end of 2008. For more information, please contact
lawedavieso@who.int or visit http://www.who.int/child-adolescent-health.

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CALENDAR OF YOUTH EVENTS

>> 1 December – World AIDS Day
This year’s theme is „leadership“, which provides an opportunity to
highlight youth leadership through a wide range of community activities.
The Global Youth Coalition on HIV/AIDS (GYCA) is partnering with World
AIDS Campaign to coordinate youth-led events worldwide. For more
information, please see
http://www.youthaidscoalition.org/pages.html?page=wad.

>> 3 December: International Day of Disabled Persons
This year’s International Day of Disabled Persons focuses on how to ensure
decent work for persons with disabilities and on ways to tap into the
abilities of this marginalized talent pool. The recently adopted
Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities recognizes in
Article 27 the rights of persons with disabilities to employment on an
equal basis with others. For more information, please see
http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/unyin/disability.htm.

>> 5 December: International Volunteer Day
The Day offers an opportunity for volunteer organizations and individuals
to highlight their contributions to achieve the MDGs at local, national
and international levels. For more information, please see
http://www.worldvolunteerweb.org/int-l-volunteer-day.html.

>>10 December, International Human Rights Day

Human Rights Day is observed every year on 10 December. It commemorates
the day in 1948 the UN General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration
of Human Rights. For more information, please see
http://www.ohchr.org/english/issues/education/training/udhr.htm.

>> 9-12 December: UN Special Session/World Fit for Children + 5
The year 2007 marks the mid decade point for the Plan of Action of the „A
World Fit for Children“. The main events include the Children’s Forum on 9
-10 December, the commemorative high level plenary meeting of the General
Assembly and Roundtable discussions on 11 and 12 December 2007 in New
York. For more information, please see
http://www.unicef.org/worldfitforchildren. The events also provide an
opportunity to take action and get involved; please visit UNICEF’s Voices
of Youth website to find out how:
http://www.unicef.org/voy/takeaction/takeaction_3978.html.

>> 14-16 January 2008 Alliance of Civilisations Annual Forum, Spain
The AoC Annual Forum (http://www.unaoc.org) is a high-level event that
will bring together key stakeholders to explore ways to promote
cross-cultural understanding globally. Youth participation is critical to
help frame the discussion, identify solutions in order to achieve greater
understanding and tolerance between cultures and to carry the work forward
after the forum. A pre-forum orientation session will be arranged on
January 14, 2008, for youth participants to get to know each other and to
better understand the forum’s objectives. From 15-16 January, youth will
have the opportunity to engage in an interactive dialogue with noted world
leaders during parallel working sessions. For more information, please see
http://groups.takingitglobal.org/development/messages/?view=msg&id=175311.

>> 17-21 June 2008: Tunza International Children’s Conference on the
Environment

United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) in collaboration with the
Young Agenda 21 Foundation of Norway will host the 2008 Tunza
International Children’s Conference on the Environment in Stavanger,
Norway. For more information, please see
http://www.unep.org/tunza/children/events/icc_2008.

>> 3-8 August 2008: XVII International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2008)

The AIDS 2008 Conference will be held in México City, México and will be
the first International AIDS Conference ever held in Latin America. Do you
want to participate in AIDS 2008? Starting 13 December, visit the Global
Village, Skills Building, Youth or Cultural Programme pages of the
conference website to learn how to submit a session or workshop proposal.
http://www.aids2008.org.

>> 10-21 August 2008: 4th World Youth Congress
Regeneration 2008 – Quebec City, the 4th World Youth Congress, designed to
promote and celebrate youth-led development, will bring together 600 young
people from over 100 countries to Québec City in August 2008. Find out
more and be part of this worldwide Youth Action Event! For more
information, please see http://www.wyc2008.qc.ca.

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ON THE INTERNET

>> MDG Monitor to track national progress on MDGs
The MDG Monitor is designed as a web-based tool for policymakers,
development practitioners, journalists, students and others to track
countries progress through interactive maps and country-specific profiles.
It aims to support organizations in their work to achieve the MDGs. For
more information, please see http://www.mdgmonitor.org.

>> Francophone volunteer opportunity

The Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie (OIF) launched its
volunteer project that targets young francophones between the ages of 21
and 35 years old. The twenty one (21) volunteers selected will offer their
services for 12 months to benefit projects in 9 countries being
implemented by the OIF, the Agence Universitaire de la Francophonie
(Universities‘ Agency), the Association Internationale des Maires
Francophones (Mayors‘ Association) and the partners of the Francophonie.
The project also strongly encourages South-South cooperation. The deadline
for the submission of proposals is 7 December 2007. For more information,
please see http://www.francophonie.org/volontariat.cfm.

>> Latin American on-line Forum to fight HIV/AIDS
The E-Forum will be held from 5-17 December 2007 and will enable the
sharing of experiences and lessons learned by organizations and groups
dealing with health, including the public sector and other organizations
working on HIV/AIDS. The Forum is organized by ALCACJ – CELAJU – INLATINA
and RELAJUR, with the support of UNESCO in observance of the World AIDS
Day. The Forum will focus on leadership in the fight against HIV/AIDS in
Latin America. The deadline for registration is 3 December 2007. For more
information, please email gestion@joveneslac.org or visit
http://www.joveneslac.org/portal.

>> Measuring youth
The MEASURE DHS website „Youth Corner“ highlights findings about youth and
features in-depth profiles of young adults ages 15-24 from more than 30
countries worldwide. The data comes from demographic and health surveys
conducted in Africa, Asia, Latin America and Eastern Europe since 2000.
DHS has interviewed thousands of young people and gathered valuable
information about their education, employment, media exposure, nutrition,
sexual activity, fertility, unions, and general reproductive health,
including HIV prevalence. Find out more at
http://www.measuredhs.com/topics/youth/start.cfm.

>> Youth policy database
USAID Youth-policy.com is an online resource on youth reproductive health
(YRH) and HIV/AIDS policy worldwide. This site features a searchable
database containing more than 100 full-text policies addressing YRH from
over 40 countries. Also, read the insightful interviews with policy
practitioners in the field. For more information, please see
http://www.youth-policy.com.

>> UNESCO’s MOST social science research tool
UNESCO has launched a new tool to support policy-making based on research
results from international social and human sciences. Designed and
developed under the aegis of the Management of Social Transformations
(MOST) Programme, this service will provide customized access to
policy-relevant material (case studies) according to specific locations
(city, country, and region) and/or themes related to social
transformations (urbanization, migration, human rights, sustainable
development, etc.). The tool is currently available in English, French and
Spanish, and will soon be extended to the other United Nations official
languages. For more information, please visit
http://www.unesco.org/shs/most/tool.

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CONTACT INFORMATION

UN Youth Flash is prepared by the UN Programme on Youth, Division for
Social Policy and Development, Department of Economic and Social Affairs
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